Cookies are name/value string pairs that web sites send to the user's browser in order to store various kinds of information in the browser itself. The browser will send back such information to the web site whenever the user accesses the site again.

In the process of transposition into Italian national law of directives 2002/58/EC and 2009/136/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council concerning the processing of personal data and the protection of privacy in the electronic communications sector, Legislative Decree no. 196 of 30 June 2003 Personal Data Protection Code regulates the use of cookies within web sites.

The Simplified Arrangements to Provide Information and Obtain Consent Regarding Cookies of 8 May 2014 from the Italian Data Protection Authority defines the following types of cookies:

  • Technical Cookies

    Technical cookies are those used exclusively with a view to "carrying out the transmission of a communication on an electronic communications network, or insofar as this is strictly necessary to the provider of an information society service that has been explicitly requested by the contracting party or user to provide the said service." (see Section 122(1) of the Code).

    They are not used for further purposes and are usually installed directly by the data controller or the website manager. They can be grouped into:

    • Browsing or session cookies, which allow users to navigate and use a website (e.g. to purchase items online or authenticate themselves to access certain sections);
    • Analytics cookies, which can be equated to technical cookies insofar as they are used directly by the website manager to collect aggregate information on the number of visitors and the pattern of visits to the website;
    • Functional cookies, which allow users to navigate as a function of certain pre-determined criteria such as language or products to be purchased so as to improve the quality of service.

    Users' prior consent is not necessary to install these cookies, whilst information under Section 13 of the code has to be provided in the manner considered to be most appropriate by the website manager - if only such cookies are relied upon.

  • Profiling Cookies

    Profiling cookies are aimed at creating user profiles. They are used to send ads messages in line with the preferences shown by the user during navigation. In the light of the highly invasive nature of these cookies vis-à-vis users' private sphere, Italian and European legislation requires users to be informed appropriately on their use so as to give their valid consent.

    These cookies are referred to in Article 122(1) of the Code where it is provided that "Storing information, or accessing information that is already stored, in the terminal equipment of a contracting party or user shall only be permitted on condition that the contracting party or user has given his consent after being informed in accordance with the simplified arrangements mentioned in section 13(3).

This site MAKES EXCLUSIVE use of technical cookies, it DOES NOT install third party cookies and it DOES NOT perform any kind of user profiling.

Storing cookies on one's computer can be disabled by following the instructions provided in the following pages for the major browsers: